The high uric acid is the cause of gout attacks, renal colic and even some heart diseases. To reduce it, a balanced diet must be maintained.
Find out which foods raise uric acid and which are the most recommended to lower it.
Why do I have high uric acid?
Uric acid is found naturally in our body. It occurs when purines, present in some foods, break down. When you consume too many foods rich in this substance, it is likely that excess uric acid is produced (hyperuricemia).
A high uric acid in the blood is one of the predisposing factors to have gout, a disease that has increased by 50% in the last two decades in Spain, according to the Spanish Society of Rheumatology.
Although gout is one of the few rheumatological diseases that can be cured, it must be treated since, according to specialists, it can lead to joint injuries and directly affect the quality of life of the patient.
Having hyperuricemia causes a decrease in nitric acid, which allows blood vessels to constrict and relax. If these movements are not produced correctly, the blood vessels become stiffer and the chances of suffering from hypertension and cholesterol accumulation increase.
On the other hand, nitric acid is also necessary for insulin to absorb glucose, which is why, if it is missing, metabolic syndrome can appear.
Not only food can cause hyperuricemia. Also, other factors such as genetic inheritance or some medications can cause it.
Consequences of high uric acid
If you have uric acid above the recommended levels you can suffer:
· Kidney Colic - Uric acid usually builds up as sharp crystals in the body. If they are eliminated in the urine in the form of stones, they can cause kidney colic.
· Gout attacks: crystals can accumulate in the joints, mainly those of the big toe, and cause painful inflammation. The skin in the area may also become red.
· Chronic gouty arthritis: if the crystals continue to accumulate in the joints for a long time, it can end up causing chronic pain in the wrists, hands, elbows or knees.
Foods that raise uric acid
You can eliminate excess uric acid in the blood by following a diet low in purines. Eliminating certain foods from the diet and including others is essential to control this disease.
Limit the size of your portions of beef, lamb and pork, since meat and, especially, organ meats, is one of the foods whose consumption is associated with excess uric acid.
Sausages, chorizo, butifarras or salami are some of the foods that you should try to avoid if you have high uric acid. It is preferable to opt for turkey or chicken ham, as it is healthier.
You should reduce the consumption of seafood, both fresh and canned, shrimp, lobster, prawns, prawns, crab, mussels, clams, oysters or scallops.
Some of the blue fish that contain the most purines are sardines, anchovies, tuna or salmon.
It is recommended to restrict the intake of certain vegetables and greens such as asparagus, mushrooms, mushrooms, spinach, chard or cauliflower.
Lentils, beans or chickpeas have a high content of this substance.
Alcoholic beverages and sugary soft drinks
It is not advisable to consume those alcoholic beverages with a higher alcohol content such as gin, whiskey, brandy or vodka.
Sugary drinks and sodas are also not recommended, as sugar can prevent uric acid from being properly flushed out of the body.
Foods to lower uric acid
· Among fruits, those that should be included in a diet to lower uric acid are:
· Citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, grapefruit, lime or mandarin.
· Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries and red berries.
Meat and fish
· In general, low-fat white meats and fish:
· Fresh cod.
· Skimmed milk.
· Low-fat yogurts that do not contain cream.
· Non-fat cheeses.
· Rice, wheat and products made from them (pasta, bread, cookies), preferably if they are whole.
· Raw or roasted nuts, but not fried.
· Olive and seed oils such as sunflower or corn.
Also, remember to drink a lot of water to promote the elimination of uric acid through the urine, since the body is capable of dissolving most of the uric acid it produces in the blood, and then eliminating it through the urine.
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